Nursing management is the overall responsibility of individuals in nursing who act as decision makers in the provision and utilization of nursing services. The term “nursing management” denotes the clinical responsibilities of nursing care under the supervision of a senior registered nurse or LPN. Nursing management includes the administration of nursing functions such as staffing, planning, organizing, directing, training and evaluating nursing staff. In addition, nursing management also involves the supervision, development and implementation of nursing policies. The main objective of nursing management is to meet the needs and the demands of nursing staff.
Nursing management involves the formulation and the implementing of nursing plans. These nursing plans are designed keeping in view the nursing personnel's needs and the existing and future workload of nursing personnel in the health care setting. The health care facility employs nursing personnel in return for the benefit of a smooth operation of that particular facility. In order to achieve organizational objectives, nursing management must be capable of integrating nursing personnel, nursing facility, physicians and other medical staff, nursing facilities and their staff, and other external stakeholders.
Nursing management also involves the evaluation of nursing personnel in order to determine their skills, knowledge and experience and to improve nursing quality. Such evaluation may include training, education, demonstration and on-the-job training. Good nursing management allows for the quick placement of nursing personnel for unexpected emergencies and to ensure that they are well equipped to handle nursing emergencies.
All nursing personnel in a health care facility have different personalities and it is for this reason that nursing management must consider and integrate various personalities in the organization for the betterment of that particular facility. Different personalities in the nursing personnel may include those with supervisory authority, those with technical competence, those with nursing experience and those with emotional intelligence. Supervisory authority is generally held by those with more seniority within the organization. This authority may be given to a supervisory team or to individual supervisory personnel. Technical competence is usually possessed by those lower down in the nursing hierarchy.
Emotionally intelligent nursing personnel are those who possess good interpersonal skills and who can effectively communicate with nursing personnel and other external stakeholders. Such people may be required in various positions such as nursing manager, nursing director, nursing manager, nursing supervisor, or nursing facility manager. As nursing facility managers often have a hands-on involvement with the day-to-day activities of nursing, it is essential that they possess good interpersonal skills.
The ability to organize and delegate is another quality that makes up the competencies of a nursing manager. They should have the ability to organize nursing personnel, medical staff, and external stakeholders for the best possible outcome for the organization. Those . . . . . . organizations that hire nursing management services, should also take care that they hire highly competent individuals so that they are able to maximize the nursing facility's resources for the benefit of its nursing personnel and other beneficiaries.