A nursing care package gives direction as to the kind of nursing care that the patient/family/community might need. The focus of a nursing care package is to facilitate, standardise and holistic nursing care for all kinds of patients. A nursing care package usually involves coordinated care for the whole family or for a specific group of people. Such packages usually involve coordinated home care services in addition to extended care facilities for patients with long-term illnesses. Some of the common types of nursing care packages are described below.
Home Care – provides assistance with things such as getting a bed to be made and arranging other things necessary for the patient to remain at home. Many people may prefer to stay at home due to the fact they feel more comfortable being there than moving into an extended care facility. This type of nursing care involves keeping the person relatively independent, apart from basic assistance such as getting meals and medicines. Nursing home nurses are professionally trained to provide individual attention to the patients. It may sometimes be necessary for the nurses to make a referral to a social worker for elder care if the patient's condition requires it.
Extended Care Facility – this involves staying in a hospital for a limited period of time, either because of the patient's illness or long-term condition. As part of the extended care facility, the nursing care provided is more coordinated with regard to the patient's needs. The home care services are usually conducted by specially trained volunteers. The nurses have a very important role in the extended care facility because they are the ones who are closest to the patient and they know their best interests. There is a great deal of interaction between the staffs at the facility and the patient gets to learn more about his condition and how his medical issues are managed.
Home Health Care – this includes professional nursing care for non-ambulatory patients requiring assistance with activities of daily living (ADL). The registered nurses and licensed practical nurses of the home health care agency work together with the patient and their family to help them through the rehabilitation of their conditions. The agency also ensures that basic necessities such as clothing and hygiene products are supplied to the patient regularly. Some home health care agencies provide transportation to the patients when they visit nursing care facilities or hospitals. They also train the patients on how to bathe themselves and feed themselves once they are in the home health care environment.
Home Health Care Services – this refers to home healthcare agencies that operate on a Medicaid program. Some agencies provide direct medical care, while others provide non-medical and administrative support. In the case of Medicaid patients, the registered nurse is assigned to the patient for up to 5 hours per day. If the patient is hospitalized, the nurse will report to the treating doctor to ensure that the prescribed treatment is being administered. The registered nurse also oversees the provision of approved medication.
Certified Nursing Assistants (CNA) – these workers are employed by home health care agencies and nursing homes and are trained to perform tasks necessary to assist patients with daily living activities. The duties of CNA's vary depending on the facility they work at, but most of the time they are responsible for helping the patient to eat, bathe and take vital signs. However, CNA's may also be asked to perform specialized duties in the home healthcare agency has a need for them. Some . . . . . . of the duties that a CNA may be asked to do include shopping for food for the patient, helping with medication administration and setting up appointments for the patient. CNA's may also be responsible for transporting the patient from the home to a doctor's office or other medical facility if arrangements have been made.