Humanistic psychology, sometimes called humanistic psychology or cognitive behavioral therapy, is the scientific study of human behavior and its underlying causes. Unlike traditional psychology, which traditionally has been an empirical study of the behaviors and thoughts of humans alone, humanistic psychology attempts to understand human behavior from a human-centered perspective – looking at how people think, feel, reason and behave rather than analyzing their biology. Humanistic psychology also tries to overcome the confusions that dog psychology since science still seems to have many gaps to close. In addition, humanistic psychology is an open, non-strict one that accepts but do not insist on the accuracy of empirical research, and is willing to use different methods to obtain data (such as behavioral observation, neuropsychological testing, experimental testing, etc.) In addition, it also strives to make the study of human behavior more meaningful through incorporating various approaches.
Basically, humanistic psychology deals with explanations for behavior by means of a cognitive behavioral model. The model suggests that all the factors that contribute to human behavior are brought about by three fundamental drives or instincts – need for safety, need for affiliation and need for power. Because these drives operate beneath the level of conscious awareness, they are not able to exert direct control over behavior. However, they can shape an individual's response to stimuli through behavior that can be described as cognitive behavioral responses.
In addition to dealing with the basic psychological factors that shape behavior, this approach incorporates aspects of social and cultural psychology. People differ in ways they choose to relate to others, their level of personal confidence and their motivation for seeking self-worth. All these factors are taken into account in this type of psychological theory. However, this approach does not deny the existence of genetic and environmental factors that significantly influence human behavior. In fact, humanistic theory goes to great lengths to demonstrate the significant role that genetics and environment play in shaping human personalities.
Unlike traditional approaches to psychology, humanistic psychology believes that people have the ability to understand and change their own behavior. It also believes that people are capable of changing their environment and the circumstances around them to achieve their goals and objectives. This approach towards psychology also rejects the notion that individuals can be motivated by any given psychological theory, practice or field. Instead, humanistic psychologists argue that each psychological theory is unique and can help only those who apply it. Moreover, this approach toward psychology also rejects the belief that people are inherently motivated by material items such as money.
In addition, humanistic psychologists subscribe to the general assumption that people are psychologically stable and self-confident when they possess a realistic understanding of their own social and cultural environment. The understanding that we have of our surroundings and the beliefs and attitudes of other individuals are what lead to our level of psychological well-being and satisfaction. Furthermore, humanistic psychologists also believe that people are capable of changing their social and cultural environments to improve their conditions. Although the scope of humanistic psychology covers a wide range of issues, most of its theoretical frameworks address aspects related to motivation and social perception.
Another important aspect of humanistic psychology is the belief that human beings are rational and self-interested in their psychological treatment. People who receive psychological treatment from qualified therapists assume that they have the right to remain . . . . . . free to choose the therapist and to make their own decisions regarding the treatment and the type of information and recommendations provided. This principle of patient autonomy underlies most of the methods used in psychological treatment today. As such humanistic psychologists advocate the use of non-authoritative methods, such as client self-help or group decision-making, in order to ensure better psychological treatment and better client's satisfaction with their treatment process.