Doctor of Science, also known as PhD, D.Sc. D., or S.D. is an advanced academic study degree awarded by several professional universities in several parts of the world. Unlike an undergraduate degree, a doctorate degree is much more highly valued by industry and government employers, especially those whose qualifications are directly related to their work on earth, such as researchers and engineers. With doctorate degrees, people can not only demonstrate their creativity and innovation on earth but can be rewarded for it by climbing the rungs of the scientific ladder.
For people who seek doctorate degrees, doctorate means a combination of both research and teaching. Doctorate degrees are very comprehensive and offer broad knowledge in various scientific areas. For most doctorates, a dissertation is required along with the usual requirements for doctorate studies. In most cases, doctorate studies take several years. Although doctorate degrees in the sciences are highly respected, doctorate degrees are very competitive due to the large pool of candidates who will be vying for the same position.
A doctor of science, or PhD, D.Sc. degree, is an award granted by an educational institution in the United States to its graduate students who have completed an entire academic research doctoral degree. The doctorate degree is usually issued by a professional university, and the doctorates are accredited by national agencies. The doctorate degree can be in any of the sciences, including biology, chemistry, and physics. Other doctorate degrees awarded by professional institutions include the master of science degree in the sciences, which is awarded for students planning to pursue graduate studies in an area of science with a high level of practical application.
Doctor of Science, doctor of philosophy, doctor of physical sciences, doctor of business administration, and doctor of social sciences all fall under the doctorate degree. The doctorate degree requires a minimum of 5 years full-time study at an educational facility, as well as the completion of a dissertation in the chosen field of study. Students must first complete their undergraduate work in order to apply. At times, however, certain doctorate degree candidates may not meet all of the requirements of the program, which could lead to them earning a doctorate without having to earn the requisite number of graduate hours.
Doctorate programs are designed to train students for careers that put them in direct contact with scientific advances and scientific research. Some PhD programs require a year of internship or placement, although many are now complete with an option of one year of on-the-job training. The doctorate program focuses on a specific area of study, such as biological evolution, molecular biology, cell and tissue culture technologies, endocrinology, neurobiological mechanisms, etc. Each year, about 150 students apply to the doctor of science program at universities throughout the United States. Some students complete the program after graduation, while others enroll immediately after their graduation.
Although doctorate degrees are awarded at both the graduate and undergraduate levels, they do not require identical courses or similar majors. Most doctoral-level studies require a course of study that has direct applicability to the areas studied at the university. Almost all universities have intercollegiate athletic teams, for example, and students . . . . . . who participate in those programs may be eligible for a doctorate degree after their graduation. In most states, once a doctor of medicine or doctor of optometry has earned his or her doctorate degree, he or she must be board certified in order to practice medicine or hold an optometry office.