Many psychologists are advocates of the cognitive approach to psychology. Cognitive psychologists argue that there is an essential connection between our cognitive and emotional responses to events in our lives. This view is very similar to the functional model of psychology in that it also postulates that there is a cognitive structure that can be studied. The models differ mainly in that the structural model puts strong emphasis on how we think and reason about a particular event, while the cognitive approach focuses on how and why we react to a particular situation. The cognitive approach is also related to cognitive therapy, which uses cognitive processes and methods to treat disorders and improve mental health.
A number of prominent cognitive models have been developed over the years. The most notable of these is the theory of cognitive load, which postulates that individuals are more prone to certain kinds of psychiatric illnesses and disorders, particularly when they are facing a high level of stress or a traumatic life experience. This theory has been tested and proven useful in many studies. In one study, a large number of people with social anxiety were exposed to situations that involved high levels of stress.
The cognitive approach to psychology assumes that behavior is controlled by cognitive processes, but that our thoughts also have an impact on our behavior. This type of model believes that changes in our thoughts can also change our behavior, making us act in new ways. In this way, it differs from the affective approach, which believes that changes in our behavior are mainly caused by the way we are feeling. However, there is also a tendency for cognitive approaches to overlap with affective approaches, since they both approach psychological problem through the prism of the individual's thoughts and emotions.
Different models have been developed to explain many complex psychological issues. Some of these models have received widespread attention in the scientific literature. For example, Hooper's triumvirate model explains abnormal behavior as being caused by three major factors. These include hormonal imbalance, genetic vulnerability, and environmental stress.
This approach is particularly useful for disorders like autism and Asperger's syndrome. The cognitive approach tends to downplay the role of biological and environmental factors, and sees them as having only minor effects on child behavior. One drawback is that cognitive models are not widely accepted by the scientific community, especially outside of psychology. Most models tend to focus on one or two aspects, leaving the rest largely unexplained. Cognitive therapists usually subscribe to a representational model of mental health. This means that they attempt to give the psychological picture with the help of pictures or photos.
When it comes to treating anxiety and panic, a . . . . . . cognitive therapist would use cognitive approaches such as imagery, behavioral relaxation, imagery, guided imagery, and narrative. Alternatively, a cognitive psychotherapist might use cognitive methods combined with other kinds of treatment. Aromatherapy might be used as well. The choice of therapies will depend on his or her expertise and the preference of the client.