What is Medical Engineering? Medical engineering refers to the application of medical science and technology principles to biology and medicine for improved health and medical purposes. BME is generally referred to as “biomedical engineering”, but recently, this term has also come to refer to bio-medical engineering. This article will discuss what this field entails and what roles medical engineers play in it.
Medical engineers play a variety of roles in medical device development. Some perform systems engineering function of new devices for the purpose of optimizing production cost-effectiveness while others implement quality systems engineering in order to ensure maximum patient safety and functionality. In addition to performing these functions, they also test devices to make sure that they conform to acceptable standards and comply with laws and regulations. Medical device manufacturers can be very picky when it comes to testing, so a thorough knowledge of both practices is absolutely necessary.
Medical device companies are always looking for biomedical engineers who are willing to develop and produce their medical products. Courses in electrical engineering may be required before working for a biomedical engineering company, so you should have an understanding of both practices prior to applying to a medical school. Most medical schools are able to arrange an introductory course in electrical engineering that will give students a good foundation for their future careers.
The field of medical engineering covers a wide range of specialties. Biomedical engineers may be involved in the study of the human immune system, cardiovascular technology, surgical technology, electronics, diagnostics, drug manufacturing and testing, nutrition, pathology and physiology, biomedical science and much more. A medical school will only be able to assign you so many courses to focus on. It's important that you choose those biomedical engineering classes that best apply to your future career goals. Once in school, you'll take general engineering classes so that you're familiar with all the scientific terms and basic information about medical equipment, processes and materials.
Medical students also must decide what area of engineering they want to specialize in. There are two main areas in which clinical engineers can find employment: either in a hospital setting or in a lab devoted to biomedical research. Biomedical research deals with discovering the causes and treatments of disease, developing new treatment methods and medications, and testing the results of new drugs in clinical trials. Some of the research done in this field focuses on developing diagnostic tools that will allow doctors to diagnose diseases earlier in their development and allow them to better treat their patients. Others conduct clinical studies that aim to test the safety and effectiveness of new medical products and treatments.
If you choose to pursue a career in clinical engineering, you'll likely work alongside other biomedical engineers and other professionals in the medical industry. You'll probably be involved in the process of developing new products and treatments as well as helping to maintain existing ones. However, you won't have the hustle and bustle of . . . . . . stand-up comics or talk radio. You'll work quietly, without needing to hold large conversations – unless, of course, you happen to fall sick.