Ocean Engineering is a branch of civil engineering, which mainly deals with the design, construction and utilisation of water-based infrastructure such as ships, airports, canals, pipelines and other such structures. The main components of ocean engineering are boat foundations, locks, aquaculture, coastal structures and hydroelectricity. A large number of international corporations, for example the Volvo Company, General Motors, Daimler-Chrysler, Cisco, KBR, Exxon Mobile, P & G, Royal Caribbean International, Wal-Mart and Honeywell manufacture large vessels and powerboats. The largest of these companies own considerable interest in ocean engineering projects. The need for these boats and vessels is increasing day by day as more people take to cruising and sailing for recreational purposes.
Marine engineering encompasses the entire engineering of boats, ships, airports, canals, pipelines and any other water-based structure or ship, and offshore marine engineering services, including shipyards and marine engineering services. Ocean engineering services are also known as undersea engineering services. There is huge scope of earning through ocean engineering services, as the products generated from such services are used on land as well. A good example is the oil and gas sector, where drilling and pumping utilises ocean technology. Some of the other ocean engineering services that are used on land include the production of water desalination and marine plastics.
Structure engineering is concerned with the scientific description of the properties of a structure, including dynamics, mechanical stability, reliability and safety. Structure engineering helps in deciding the most appropriate design for a structure that can be implemented. It also helps in deciding whether or not a structure should be constructed at all and decides the cost involved in such a process. Structure engineering also takes into account economic impacts and environmental implications before taking any decision. This technique helps determine the feasibility of different structures, and consequently their usability.
One of the key components of ocean engineering services is the study of oceanography. This methodology determines the topography of the ocean floor, and the physical characteristics of the material used in constructing the structure. Geotechnical and structural geology to determine various aspects of vessel design and construction, including foundations, beelines, masts, decks, hull construction and installation. Seismic studies are carried out to evaluate the behavior of ocean waves and currents, and their implications on the structures being constructed. Ocean engineering uses mathematical theories to create computer models and determine solutions to structural problems.
Structure design involves the careful consideration of physical, chemical and other relevant factors, to determine the best solution to any problem. The basic functions of ocean engineering services include navigation, transportation, communications and airfields. Ocean engineering methods are also used to determine the best way to use existing infrastructure. They use it to design . . . . . . new infrastructure and determine which applications can be made using them. They also design the tools and equipment required for the operation of ships.
Many maritime companies offer ocean engineering services, but some specialize in a particular field. For example, engineering boating services deal with the design and construction of boats. Shipwrecks removal and rehabilitation are another field. They salvage old boats that have been wrecked or damaged by weather, fire, vandalism or human failure. They also provide counseling services to owners of vessels involved in accidents and other marine hazards. Some of these services offer life insurance, public liability and worker's compensation for ocean engineering professionals.