The most common mental illnesses among adolescents are anxiety, bipolar, mood disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts are the second most common cause of death among young individuals aged 15 years and above. Depression is also another common mental illness among adolescents. These two mental illnesses are highly treatable.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM 5th Edition) consists of a set of criteria, which determine the presence of a specific mental disorder. These criteria were revised in order to accommodate various definitions and changes in research over time. The DSM provides an exhaustive listing of the most common mental illnesses. Each disorder has its own unique treatment.
Bipolar and depressive disorders are the most common mental illnesses among adolescents. Bipolar refers to mood disorders that affect both the moods and the actions of an individual. On the other hand, depressive disorder refers to problems with major or minor changes in mood and behavioral patterns. Bipolar disorders are more common among adolescents. In addition, studies show that some adolescents may be genetically inclined to this disorder.
Another common mental illness among adolescents is anxiety. Anxiety usually starts during the adolescence period and continues throughout life. Most of the symptoms of anxiety are similar to those of depression. Therefore, a distinction should be made between anxiety and depression. There are many treatment options available for treating anxiety among adolescents.
Like depression and anxiety, the symptoms of psychosis are present in individuals suffering from this disorder. However, symptoms of psychosis are not similar to those of the other mental illnesses. Symptoms of psychosis are usually present along with other mood swings like mania. Individuals diagnosed with psychosis may also experience auditory hallucinations, grandeur syndrome, and catatonia. Psychosis can lead to the symptoms of other mental illnesses like schizophrenia.
One of the most serious mental illnesses among adolescents is bipolar disorder. This condition can result to severe emotional, physical, and legal consequences in the life of an adolescent. If left untreated, it can even result to suicide. In adolescents, bipolar disorder can be treated with the help of a psychiatrist. In the long run, therapeutic sessions are most effective in treating this condition.
According to research, major life stressors such as divorce or separation, bereavement, unemployment, or poverty are considered to be risk factors for mood disorders and anxiety. Major life stressors like these have been associated with increases in both suicidal tendencies and incidents of self-injurious behavior among individuals. If left untreated, these risk factors can worsen over time. For individuals already diagnosed with depression, studies reveal that women have higher rates of suicide after their menopause than before their menopause. Similarly, post-menopausal women are more likely to experience major stress or traumatic life events such as loss of a loved one.
Social Anxiety Disorder is characterized by excessive fear or worry and avoidance behaviors. In the United States, this condition is among the most common mental illness. It is estimated that more than 40 million adults are affected with this disorder. Those who suffer from social anxiety have extreme fear of being embarrassed or humiliated in social situations. In most cases, they also have the fear that others will judge them or even reject them.
Another most common mental disorders is bipolar disorder, which is characterized by severe emotional highs (mania) and lows (depression). . . . . . . Bipolar disorder is the result of chemical imbalance occurring in the brain. Experts estimate that at least five percent of the general population may be suffering from bipolar disorder. This disorder is the sixth most common mental health disorder in the United States.