In psychology and sociology, sociological psychology is a field of psychology that studies the social relationship and the interrelation of individual psyche, cultural norms, values, and society with organizational culture and social structure. The research performed in this field usually has four main lenses: social; psychological; institutional; and relational. Social psychology and sociology have earned tremendous popularity and are considered as one of the major fields in research and teaching today. The scope of research into the psychology and sociology is wide and deep. It involves the study of human behavior and the interactions among people at different levels and across various cultures. It also includes the measurement of individual differences and their interactions.
Sociology and psychology are related by many ways. For instance, sociology deals more with the larger scale aspects while psychology and sociology usually focus more on the local or personal aspects. Although both of these fields have many things in common, they differ in the areas where they focus more on. When we speak of social science, it usually means the application of the theoretical foundation of psychology and sociology and the study of the social organism.
For sociology and psychology, the most common aspect is the study of social behavior. There are various theories in sociology and psychology, which aim to explain the motives behind societal behavior and their causal relationship with the individual, the society, and the environment. Some of these theories include individual-system theory, institutional theory, family systems theory, group system theory, work model theory, and interpersonal theory. The most important theories in sociology and psychology are those which are biologically based like heredity and evolutionary psychology.
The field of psychology and sociology also includes the methodology of conducting research. Normally, the sociological researcher applies methods like questionnaires, elicitation, observation, interviews, focus groups, and so on. They also make use of statistical methods to study the data. They should be careful not to generalize the results from one type of research to another. All these techniques form the basic framework of sociological psychology and sociology.
Besides this, a PhD in sociology or psychology can also be obtained through research in the field of Counseling. This PhD program deals with the study of the psychology and sociology of relationships between people. In counseling, too, there are various research opportunities available. Normally, a counselor obtains a master's degree in psychology before he/she pursues a PhD in counseling.
A PhD in psychology can be of great use to psychologists, social scientists, and sociologists. It deals with the areas in psychology and sociology like personality, motivation, social learning, human development, social psychology, theories in psychology and sociology, and many more. A PhD in psychology can also be utilised to conduct qualitative research, build expertise in the relevant areas, develop writing skills in research methodology and theory, and . . . . . . acquire knowledge about research methods. It would also help you to prepare an impressive dissertation. For this, you need the guidance and help of a professional teacher or a research supervisor.